2020 Vol. 1

Agile, Scrum and Waterfall project management

Waterfall project management practices are traditional and classic methods of management. Agile and Scrum, on the other hand, are different ways of product management and production.

The article can serve as a benchmark for project management courses or certification exams. We have received official approval from BVOP for the use of course materials and training materials for the BVOP Certified Project Management program.

The article looks at all the methodologies and describes the differences between Agile, Scrum, and Waterfall.

Waterfall Project Management methodology

All stages of the project are clearly defined and follow a specific sequence. There are well-defined deadlines, and one task must be completely completed before the next one begins.

The project development process is divided into different phases (analysis, design, construction, testing, etc.), each phase occurring only once during the project. The results can be easily tracked.

One of the major drawbacks is that it lacks flexibility and the product is difficult to adapt to changing customer requirements as it is very difficult to make changes to the already closed phases of development. This methodology does not require customer involvement. He may not see the product until it is tested.

The Waterfall method is one of the easiest models to manage. With it, the volume of work can be planned, and requirements are specified from the outset in the form of a task.

It is essential to know that if the initial requirements are not clearly defined, this method is not effective!

Agile and Scrum

On the other hand, Agile is a highly flexible method that is customer-focused. There are many question marks in this methodology at the beginning of the project. The company implementing the project has major anchor points and knows what the client would like the end result to be.

But to achieve this end result, continuous collaboration is required between the project company and the client. This methodology achieves a high level of transparency regarding the status of the project.

One of the main advantages of this method is the use of an iterative approach in project development. This allows for a more dynamic process of development and adaptation of the project, according to the needs of the client.

The Agile methodology is entirely focused on positively changing the end product to meet the changing needs of the customer.

In Agile, the project lifecycle stages (especially in the Scrum framework) are separated into separate sprints. Stages can also be seen as a set of tiny projects. Customer feedback before finalizing a project is essential. It can lead to changes in the final product and this may require some of the development processes to be performed more than once.

The team working on the project is key and free to make decisions. He is highly motivated to design and, in the meantime, improve the quality of the project. Working on the Agile method enables team members to self-manage, self-organize, and focus on priorities, taking into account the current state of the project rather than the projected one. Of course, this, in turn, leads to greater efficiency.

All processes must be monitored at the different stages of each iteration to avoid overloading the final version of the product. Therefore, the product testing process is performed during programming or at the same iteration. In this way, problems can be easily detected in a timely manner. On the other hand, the project is approved by the client at different stages of its development and this reduces the risk of disapproval.

In my opinion, before choosing a project management method, there are some fundamental project characteristics that you need to clarify beforehand. Most importantly, for a project is to determine its scope initially, type, required, deadline, budget, and of course, the team that will work on its implementation. Once all this is clearly defined, based on this information, you can easily choose the appropriate methodology for developing the specific project.

I hope this information is useful to you and provides guidance on basic project management methods. If you need more information, I am here.

4 replies on “Agile, Scrum and Waterfall project management”

Briefly for Waterfall and Agile Project Management. These are some of the most common project management methods.

The first is a western and traditional method that follows the sequential execution of stages and only one active at a time. One phase must be fully completed before proceeding to the next. For the waterfall method, it is good to know in advance the purpose, scope, and limitations of the project.

It is suitable for large teams of people, but it affects their coordination. Client availability and assessment are only required at key project locations. The waterfall cannot undergo changes and adjustments in scope or purpose because everything in it is already pre-described in the contract between the client and the contractor. Each project ends with success or failure.

The second has a Japanese root, and it has short periods during which specific tasks defined by the project manager are performed. The purpose of the project is to give the client working parts of the project as often as possible. Changes in project scope are permissible up to the time and budget constraints. It works well even when the scope of the project is not predefined. The flexible method attracts small to medium teams with high coordination between them. Agile requires the client’s constant presence during the execution of the project. Additional details in the project are highly valued and can save the project from failure.
Both methods are incredibly different and have their own strengths and weaknesses, which may or may not recommend them for a project.
Some experts talk about taking different aspects of the two methodologies and combining them for greater efficiency.
I think that our attention should be focused on the specific project and which methodology will be better suited to its implementation.

Dear Sir / Madam,

My name is Robert Paulson, and I am a representative of your longtime partner Global IT Solutions.

We are about to work together on the newly launched project to update the software used in your company.

I have many years of experience in project management related to software development, as well as in-depth programming knowledge.

My main tasks in the new endeavor will be related to the effective management of the project and providing transparency from the work on the project at any time.

I will be happy to share any challenges on the project on which I could make additional efforts to provide a solution promptly and within budget.

To ensure the same understanding of the status and progress of the project, I suggest that in addition to email communication, we have regular Skype meetings three times a week. If necessary, it is possible to organize an additional meeting on site at the company’s office every two weeks.

I am always at your disposal for any additional questions and ideas.

On behalf of our organization, two teams will be involved in the project – respectively for the development and testing of the new functionality. I and my direct supervisor, with whom you already have a working relationship, will be the main contacts on all issues and problems.

We expect from you, along with the teams of professionals who will help us with the definition of the requirements, to broadcast a main contact (representative), with whom we will be able to discuss weekly the current status, problems and any new topics. that are relevant to the current project.

In short, both conservative (Waterfall) and more modern concepts (Agile, Scrum) are in themselves effective and lead to the provision of a quality product. Reference:

The main difference is the methodologies that are emphasized in the project development.

Which methodology to choose depends on the type of project.
The waterfall is a fairly straightforward methodology in which project work is divided into phases and is applied mainly to the development of production and engineering projects. Work on each new stage can begin after the previous one has been completed. No exceptions are allowed, everything is strictly planned and organized at the very beginning of the project. This methodology is oriented towards a successful result. The significant advantage of it is that a strict budget can be made for the project, but on the other hand it does not allow flexibility.

At Agile, work is broken down into fewer projects that can be worked on in parallel and competitively. Project changes can be made whenever necessary, and work requirements are set day by day. This methodology allows work on several projects simultaneously and is rather oriented to meeting the needs of the client. The main advantage of applying this methodology is that it allows flexibility.

Scrum is also a flexible methodology applicable to the development of complex software projects. In general, Scrum allows the collaboration of people, teams, projects to obtain a final product in the shortest possible time.

The assessment of which methodology is more effective depends on the specific project and the approach that the organization decides to take. The fact is that Agile and Scrum are gaining ground and displacing Waterfall.

Agile and Waterfall are the two most popular approaches to project management. They are types of software development life cycle. These are the processes used by the software industry to design, develop and test software.

The waterfall is traditional, and Agile can be defined as a flexible and modern approach.

Main features of the Agile model:

It is characterized by the division of tasks into short work phases and frequent reassessment and adaptation of plans;

Developers and testers work in parallel on the application software;
The software development lifecycle is based on Sprint. (Sprint is the short duration in which we have to implement the selected user stories. Its duration varies between 1 to 4 weeks);

Allows gradual release of the product. It is not necessary to wait for the completion of all modules of the software for the release;
It is suitable for projects where the requirements change during the project;

Allows changes to be made after the initial planning stage;
Less time is invested in advance for documentation and analysis, as customers constantly see and test the product and provide feedback.

Relying on a very high level of customer participation in each phase of the project can create problems or delays due to lack of interest or lack of interest in participating in the project. Requires commitment and dedication;

Planning, design, development, testing, release, and feedback are in a constant cycle;

One of its biggest advantages is its great adaptability. He “reacts to change.” Allows constant improvement and prioritization;

Agile teams tend to neglect documentation. The team’s focus is more on working software than comprehensive documentation. However, teams must maintain the right balance between code and documentation;

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