Waterfall project management practices are traditional and classic methods of management. Agile and Scrum, on the other hand, are different ways of product management and production.
The article can serve as a benchmark for project management courses or certification exams. We have received official approval from BVOP for the use of course materials and training materials for the BVOP Certified Project Management program.
The article looks at all the methodologies and describes the differences between Agile, Scrum, and Waterfall.
Waterfall Project Management methodology
All stages of the project are clearly defined and follow a specific sequence. There are well-defined deadlines, and one task must be completely completed before the next one begins.
The project development process is divided into different phases (analysis, design, construction, testing, etc.), each phase occurring only once during the project. The results can be easily tracked.
One of the major drawbacks is that it lacks flexibility and the product is difficult to adapt to changing customer requirements as it is very difficult to make changes to the already closed phases of development. This methodology does not require customer involvement. He may not see the product until it is tested.
The Waterfall method is one of the easiest models to manage. With it, the volume of work can be planned, and requirements are specified from the outset in the form of a task.
It is essential to know that if the initial requirements are not clearly defined, this method is not effective!
Agile and Scrum
On the other hand, Agile is a highly flexible method that is customer-focused. There are many question marks in this methodology at the beginning of the project. The company implementing the project has major anchor points and knows what the client would like the end result to be.
But to achieve this end result, continuous collaboration is required between the project company and the client. This methodology achieves a high level of transparency regarding the status of the project.
One of the main advantages of this method is the use of an iterative approach in project development. This allows for a more dynamic process of development and adaptation of the project, according to the needs of the client.
The Agile methodology is entirely focused on positively changing the end product to meet the changing needs of the customer.
In Agile, the project lifecycle stages (especially in the Scrum framework) are separated into separate sprints. Stages can also be seen as a set of tiny projects. Customer feedback before finalizing a project is essential. It can lead to changes in the final product and this may require some of the development processes to be performed more than once.
The team working on the project is key and free to make decisions. He is highly motivated to design and, in the meantime, improve the quality of the project. Working on the Agile method enables team members to self-manage, self-organize, and focus on priorities, taking into account the current state of the project rather than the projected one. Of course, this, in turn, leads to greater efficiency.
All processes must be monitored at the different stages of each iteration to avoid overloading the final version of the product. Therefore, the product testing process is performed during programming or at the same iteration. In this way, problems can be easily detected in a timely manner. On the other hand, the project is approved by the client at different stages of its development and this reduces the risk of disapproval.
In my opinion, before choosing a project management method, there are some fundamental project characteristics that you need to clarify beforehand. Most importantly, for a project is to determine its scope initially, type, required, deadline, budget, and of course, the team that will work on its implementation. Once all this is clearly defined, based on this information, you can easily choose the appropriate methodology for developing the specific project.
I hope this information is useful to you and provides guidance on basic project management methods. If you need more information, I am here.